The Migration Of The Trans Atlantic And Trans Saharan Slave Trade

1915 Words Mar 23rd, 2016 8 Pages
A diaspora involves the dispersal of a group of people throughout the world. In history, there have been various causes of a diaspora: war, civil strife, famine, hostile political conditions, and external drives, such as the hope for better opportunities elsewhere. Drawn out of the need for labor, the Trans-Atlantic and Trans-Saharan slave trades were key players in the African Diaspora. Trans-Atlantic slave trade brought Western Africans across the Western hemisphere, while the Trans-Saharan slave trade moved Africans across the Sahara Desert to sub-Saharan locations within Africa. As a result, Africans were dispersed among locations where there was a need to grow settlements and maintain profitable agricultural practices. Shortly thereafter, an institution of slavery proliferated that bonded Africans in servitude. The Trans-Atlantic slave trade originated in the 15th century and dissolved in 1865. Economic incentives motivated colonizers of North America to pursue the production of key cash crops. Colonizers of the New World required extensive labor to start and maintain agricultural practices. Products such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton required a tremendous amount of labor to be lucrative and profitable. For example, sugar production in the 1650s initiated a deep need for labor power (Rediker 43). However, as productions and settlements increased, indigenous and European sources fell short (Trotter 26). Inadequate resources and a huge labor demand required colonizers…

Related Documents