Essay on The Methodological Approach Of Non Conscious Process
The aim of this chapter is to demonstrate the methodological approach used to examine whether non-conscious process can drive accurate recognition memory as proposed by Chong et al., (2014) or whether or not this effect is driven by the identification of items during the test phase of each experiment. This chapter will present the sample which was selected along with the materials used and details about the design and procedure used for data collection.
2.2. Experiment 1a and 1b
A within subjects design was used for this experiment. This requires using the same participants in more than one condition. This type of design helps to reduce the amount or error arising from natural variance between the participants. There were two experimental conditions in each study. In Experiment 1a, visible words were presented at study and masked during the test phase. In Experiment 1b, words were masked at both the study and test phase, and masked words were presented three times at study for a total of 120 trials.
Experiments 1a and 1b closely replicate Experiments 1 and 3c carried out by Chong et al., (2014). Each experiment involved two stages: an initial study phase followed by a test phase. The aim of this study was to follow up the Chong et al., (2014) study, which proposed that observers are able to make accurate recognition memory judgements without conscious awareness of the encoded events or the retrieval cues. While Experiments 1a and 1b closely followed the…