The Key Attributes Of The Allies ' Command And Control Function

1684 Words Dec 28th, 2016 7 Pages
In 1943 the British and American Allies shared a common language and a common enemy, but they disagreed on the war’s grand strategy. (site) General George Marshall, Army Chief of Staff, wanted to conduct a cross channel invasion bringing the fight directly to the Germans. Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister, wanted to fight in the edges of the Axis territory and exploit the soft underbelly of Southern Europe. (site) These strategic differences culminated in the Sicily Campaign, where the Allies’ command and control function, in many cases, proved to be inadequate to consistently integrate joint functions at the operational level, as it failed to ensure all senior leaders adhered to the three key attributes for Mission Command and, with the exception of Naval support of the 7th Army, never truly integrated the vital joint functions like Fires, Maneuver, and Protection. This essay will evaluate the Allies’ Joint Functions, especially Command and Control, and expound on its failure to ensure commander’s intent, full understanding, and mutual trust among partners and how these deficiencies denied them a decisive victory during the Sicily campaign.

The command and control exercise by Allied Commander, General Eisenhower, and Deputy Allied Commander, General Alexander, failed to employ the three essential attributes of mission command: commander’s intent, full understanding, and mutual trust among partners, as discussed in General Dempsey’s white paper. (site) The lack…

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