The Innovations Of Ancient Roman Architecture Essay

1083 Words Oct 12th, 2014 5 Pages
The innovations of ancient Roman architecture have stood the test of time. From the invention of concrete, to the round arch and the coliseum, the genius of Roman enterprise has clearly been demonstrated. Romans built structures for various reasons, including entertainment, administrative, and memorial purposes. Today, many structures are built for the same purposes, some using many hallmarks of Roman architecture. Though this is true, many of the differences between Roman architecture and modern day architecture are vast. The following examples will provide background information as well as further illustration of the significant similarities and differences between architecture of the two time periods. The use of the round arch on the Italic peninsula began with the Etruscans and Porta Augusta in the 3rd-2nd century BCE, but was later adopted and perpetuated by the Romans who overthrew the Etruscan kings in 509 BCE (Stokstad/Cothren 158, 166). Popular examples of the use of the round arch in Roman architecture include the Pont Du Gard, The Arch of Titus, The Flavian Amphitheater, The Audience Hall of Constantius Chlorus, The Arch of Constantine, and The Basilica of Mexentius and Constantine. Of the six examples listed, The Arch of Titus and The Arch of Constantine are what are known as “victory arches”, which stand in memorial to triumphs over Jerusalem and Mexentius, respectively. Today’s arches are not necessarily erected to commemorate the victories of war, but to…

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