The Importance Of Strategic Spatial Planning

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Strategic spatial planning sees the environment as a whole and hold a “collective” view to discover issues and resources. It does not deal with only plans, so plans are only some tools to trigger change. Factors such as changes in economic systems, technological developments, increasing intensity of information, people’s relocation, decreasing the importance of physical boundaries, effects of global economy, transition from representative democracy to pluralistic and participatory democracy have influenced urban systems and traditional planning approaches have not been able to come up with the solutions to problems that arise in the new urban systems. (Hillier, 2008) .
Berke & Conroy (2000) mentioned that the concept of sustainability plays
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Urban sustainability concept helps the cities to manage development and source management processes efficiently. It can be said that economic decisions which arise in order to adapt to a competitive and global setting don’t depend on certain boundaries. Hence, the effects of the decisions for planning cannot be monitored within the boundaries of the city on the lower scale, so higher scale applications at the regional / national level is needed to form broader policies (Berke & Conroy, 2000). At this point, master planning seems ineffective to protect and increase economic sustainability because it is not flexible, and it can become an obstacle for the development of private equity by not being able to adapt to needs of economic circumstances. Master planning cares areas with certain physical characteristics and those areas have administrative limits (Haar, 1995). However, this framework started to change with the rise of globalization. Strategic spatial planning concepts become to see areas as webs of relationships which have economic competition among themselves (Kaufman & Jacobs, …show more content…
The forth principle is about equity that is a must to decrease and prevent poverty. The concept of ‘social sustainability’ needs economic growth and development for the requirements of social equity. Since master planning does not include the stakeholders in the decision process and it is a top-down process, there is not a democratic and pluralistic process for social equity. Master plan has an intense bureaucratic system. However; strategic spatial planning is produced on a base of horizontal and cooperative working environment (Kaufman & Jacobs, 1987). Therefore, it provides more participative space than master planning for

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