World War 1 Technological Innovation

1992 Words 8 Pages
World War 1 was lethal, essentially because it saw the use of nineteenth century armed forces manoeuvres with twentieth century machinery. In 1914 the “war of movement” that was expected by most European generals had settled down into an unexpected and seemingly unwinnable war of trenches. Initially with machine guns reinforcing massed rifle fire from the defending trenches, attackers were mowed down by the thousands before they could even get to the other side of “no-man’s-land”. Because of this stalemate a resolution had to be found to progress the war. A solution presented itself in the form of these new technological advancements, which then enabled infiltration of defences more easily. The three innovations that had the most significance …show more content…
The UK and France principally carried out strategic bombing during World War 1 for the Entente powers and Germany for the central powers. The aerial bombing of cities and the citizens was intended to destroy enemy moral. This early strategic bombing lead to the development of specialized bomber aircraft. These enhancements to aircraft can still be seen today in modern warfare. ‘The improvements in aircraft technology during and after the war convince many that the bomber would always get through. This belief influenced planning for strategic bombing in World War 2. You can still see the impact that the bombing left today. Some might say that aircraft in World War 1 had very little contribution to the war, as planes were not well developed at that stage. However the moral effect that it inflicted on to the citizens was very significant. The raids that took place kindled an alarmed reaction from the British media and government. In particular the Zeppelins raids upset the British government. The Germans used this effective strategy from 29th July 1914 to the 11th of November 1918.
In 1914, Lieutenant-Colonel Ernest Swinton and fellow supporters put forward the idea of a new armoured, fighting vehicle that had the ability to support infantry troops into battle. These machines would have to cope with the rough
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Tanks almost completely superseded the role of the horse soldier. Although horses were much faster moving than tanks, they did not have any armour or protection. Therefore the horses were highly vulnerable when faced against the modern machine gun. A replacement was required to fulfil the historically significant role of the cavalry. This new development saved the life of thousands of soldiers and horses’ lives. Consequently tanks are considered a very vital and noteworthy innovation that reshaped the old fashioned style of fighting and helped the allies win the

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