The Importance Of Slave Trade In The New World

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European thirst for gold and land led them conquer the new world and fulfilled their own interests from the wealth of the land. After the discovering of the equatorial island of Principe and Sao Tome on 1480, the european demand of cheap indian labor increase and encourage the slave trade in europe. Meanwhile, on 1479 the castalian concessions granted the spanish crown the right to conquer any lands at the west of the earth and gave the east of the earth to the Portugueses. In 1492 the navigator Christopher columbus search of India led him to an unknown land, ‘the Americas’. The slavement of indigenous people and settlement of spanish colonies on the new world were set in the name of the queen Isabella and the king Fernand, “The Spanish …show more content…
During the 16 century the slave labor on sugar crops growth exponentially after the discovery of the new world. Slaves were transport through the atlantic ocean from 4 major regions of africa to the caribbean ocean, the north and south america. The major regions where slaves were transported in the new world were spanish claimed territories like Cuba, Jamaica, Sierra Leone, Puerto Rico, and Trinidad, Hispaniola (currently haiti and the Dominican republic), and Brazil that at the time become one of the most prominent sugar producers worldwide. The economic benefits of the atlantic slave trade benefit europe with a larger amount of cheap labor for crop production, slaves work as agricultural laborers where they planted and processed sugarcane that was harvested months after month. Brazil alone imported 38 percent; the British Caribbean 17 percent; Spanish America 17 percent; North America 6 percent; and the Dutch, Danish, and Swedish Caribbean 6 percent. In terms of scale, numbers, and cruelty, slavery reached unprecedented levels in the post-Columbian Americas. (slavery history). The process of sugar harvest was very tenuous due to the quirkiness that sugarcane go sour within a day after being cutted and the unhealthy living conditions of slaves in Brazil shorten the lifespan of their captivities and increasing the demand of slaves. Many of these slaves were from Africa, “nearly 85 percent of those exported through the atlantic came from one of the only fourth regions: west Africa (Cabinda and Luanda 36.5%), the bight Benin (Whydah 20%), the bight Biafra (Bonny and Calabar 16.6%) and the gold coast (Cape castle and Anomabu 11%).” (transatlantic moment p 65). The impact from this system influence not only the economy of the market revolution but the historical and cultural descendancy. The captives from the trade were in their

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