The Importance Of Karyotype : A Procedure That Analyes Size, Shape And Number Of Chromosomes?

1083 Words Apr 22nd, 2016 null Page
karyotype is a procedure that analyes size, shape and number of chromosomes (MathandScience, 2011). Chromosomes are thread-like molecules that carry hereditary information for everything from height to eye color. They are made of protein and one molecule of DNA, which contains an organism’s genetic instructions, passed down from parents. In humans, animals, and plants, most chromosomes are arranged in pairs within the nucleus of a cell. (Szalay, 2013). Genes are segments of DNA located on chromosomes, Genes exist in alternative forms called alleles. Alleles determine distinct traits that can be passed on from parents to offspring (Bailey, 2014). The central dogma of molecular biology is describe as gene coded for protein and one way flow of information in living things that goes from the genes in there DNA to the result protein that is produce in the cytoplasm cell. There is four steps process in the protein building process. Two of the process happen in the nucleus in which the gene has to be transcription in to RNA in which DNA builds a different nucleotide acid called RNA. The second step is RNA process which is storten the RNA in the nucleus. The three step is part of translation in which DNA is decoded by ribosome to produce amino acid chain or polypeptide at the ribosome in the cytoplasm. The last step is protein shaping that is the complex in which shapes the protein by the help of chaperonin protein. The bionformatics is a computer technology to manage many…

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