Standardized Testing In Schools

Improved Essays
Testing:
Educational testing is prevalent in schools. Standardized testing has assumed a prominent role in recent efforts to improve the quality of education. Standardized paper-and-pencil test are a part of federal, state and district essential throughout the United States. These mandated tests and assessments come in a different of forms and are deliberate to serve quite a range of purposes. National, state, and district tests, combined with minimum capability, special program, and special diploma evaluations, have resulted in a greatly expanded set of testing requirements for most schools. At a cost of millions, even billions, of dollars and at the expense of valuable student, teacher, and administrator time, testing advocates and many policymakers
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A test should be created with the aim of having students learn from their weaknesses. In this way a good test can be used as a valuable teaching tool.
Qualities of classroom testing:
Twelve years ago, Rudman (1989) pointed out some instructional roles for educational tests which are following
Testing is a useful tool at the beginning of the school year: It can help a teacher gain an indication of what students bring to new instruction. Test results early in the school year can help the teacher plan review material and identify possible issues to be tackled. Examining past test results can help a teacher who is new to a specific school assess the school situation that he or she will work in as well as the hopes the school has for his or her students. Testing can aid in decisions about grouping students in the class. Testing can produce information that will aid the teacher in conveying specific students to instructional groups. The teacher can change the groups later after more teaching and testing has taken place. Testing can be used to identify what individual pupils
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What is called for is a triangulation (corroboration) of several kinds of data drawn from various types of tests: standardized tests of achievement and aptitude, teacher made quizzes, observations of behavior, informal interactions, and the like. Diagnosis does not essentially mean prescription unless the data collected have demonstrated high reliability and validity, that is, you can trust them and they transport what you need to know in order to make instructional decisions about students.
Testing can help the teacher determine the pace of classroom instruction:
Teachers tend to use tests that they prepared themselves much more often than any other type of test to monitor what has been previously learned. These tests may take the form of oral questioning of the class or individual students, or paper-and-pencil tests. Systematic observations of a student applying a skill can be thought of as a form of performance testing. Tests used in these ways are prerequisites for determining how quickly new material can be presented. These tests help the teacher gain a perspective of the range of attained learning as well as individual

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