Birth Weight Research

Birth weight tends to be one of the major factors in determining the health of a newborn baby. Not only is birth weight important for a baby’s wellbeing, it can also make a lasting impression on a child’s future. According to Chatterki, Kim, and Lahiri (2014), health at birth can determine academic achievement in childhood, which can then provide a relationship between birth weight and adult outcomes. In my project, I wanted to see how different factors could influence a baby’s birth weight based on different scenarios that can occur while a baby is still in utero.
One of the variables I will be analyzing is the marital status of the mother. In a study conducted by Frimmel and Pruckner (2014), it was discovered that babies born to mothers
…show more content…
The nutrition of a pregnant woman is extremely important to the health of a baby, and those who are part of a low-income population tend to lack in nutrition education and the means to buy and eat healthy foods. In an analysis conducted by Baum (2012), it was found that women, who are part of a food stamp program, are more likely to gain enough weight, while not increasing the probability of too much weight gain. Specifically, Women Infants and Children (WIC) is a federal food and nutrition program, which attempts to improve the nutritional well-being and health of low-income families. In a study conducted by Hoynes, Page, and Stevens (2009), an analysis was performed to compare the effects of infant health on families who partake in the WIC program against those that do not. They found that those who do use WIC have shown an increase in average birth weight and a decrease in the fraction of births classified as low birth weight. Their calculations also suggest that the initiation of WIC has lead to a ten percent increase in the birth weight of infants born to participating …show more content…
V., & Loken, K. V. (2014). Smoking Bans, Maternal Smoking, and Birth Outcomes. Journal of Public Economics, 11572-93.
Chatterji, P., Kim, D., & Lahiri, K. (2014). Birth Weight and Academic Achievement in Childhood. Health Economics, 23(9), 1013-1035
Green, T. (2014). Hispanic Self-Identification and Birth Weight Outcomes among the U.S.- and Foreign-Born Blacks. Review of Black Political Economy, 41(3), 319-336.
Frimmel, W., & Pruckner, G.J. (2014). Birth Weight and Family Status Revisited: Evidence from Austrian Registar Data. Health Economics, 23(4), 426-445.
Hoynes, H. W., Page, M. E., & Stevens, A. H. (2009). Is a WIC Start a Better Start? Evaluating WIC’s Impact on Infant Health Using Program Introduction.
Markowitz, S., Adams, E. K., Dietz, P. M., Kannan, V., & Van, T. (2011). Smoking Policies and Birth Outcomes: Estimates From a New Era.
Walker, M. B., Tekin, E., & Wallace, S. (2009). Teen Smoking and Birth Outcomes. Souther Economic Journal, 75(3), 892,907.
Wehby, G. L., Murray, J. C., Castilla, E. E., Lopez-Camelo, J. S., & Ohsfeldt, R. L. (2009) Quantile Effects of Prenatal Care Utilization on Birth Weight in Argentina. Health Economics, 18(11),

Related Documents