Causes Of The Great Migration

1007 Words 4 Pages
In the year of 1929, the economy of the United States has crashed, the great depression happened three years later, followed by the increasing unemployment rate to the highest point in the modern history, which was averaging at 25 percent (Rauchway, 1). Facing this financial crisis, the president of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt took place and announced a “New Deal” for the American people (Rauchway, 1). However, the most suffered people from the great depression, which were African Americans, did not benefit much from the “New Deal.” The racism between white and black, and unfairness in economics, politics and civil rights were dramatically increased after World War I. The beginning of the Great Migration was the fuse of these increased …show more content…
The African Americans would take advantage of the labor shortage, and get the jobs were belong to white people. It caused the anti-negro riot in St. Louis (Arnesen, 78). The African Americans did not stood a chance to fight against white people in lawsuits. The African Americans did not have any political rights compare to white folks. The Great Migration era imposed African Americans struggling in economic, political and civil rights. The great Migration also caused the lose labor in the south. The white landowners were panicking that they did not have enough workers to work for them. They wanted the African Americans come back to the south. The landowners promised improve condition of life for race, and have better wages for the black people (Arnesen, 182). But only few black people were persuaded by the south white people’s invitation (Arnesen, 184). The great migration continues. Until the year of 1932, the great depression took place. Many people lost their job and house. The United States was suffering, especially the African …show more content…
It included increase public works, supporting agricultural prices, create new mortgage market, restore international trade and more economical improvement (Rauchway, 1), and the United States government were trying to fulfill what they promised. However, during the Great Depression, when the employer advertised jobs, they would pick workers with experience and knowledge. The employer would leave the young, old, and the women, especially African American stay unemployed (Rauchway, 45). Also, African Americans would loss their job more quickly than white people. It is a brutal fact that the rural African American population would have less motivation to work, less chance to get educated, and less opportunity to develop their working skills compared to white people (Rauchway, 46). On the high skill level working field, the black people noticed that they would be the last one to get hired and the first one to get fired. If the employers have the chance to fire a black worker, they would do it and replace black worker with a white worker (Rauchway, 46). The South people in the Great Depression were suffered the most. Since the slavery, the South United States was depending on farmers and low-salary workers. They were worst paid in the country (Rauchway, 48). After the great migration, many people left south to the north. But there were still up to 40% of African American stayed in rural agricultural

Related Documents