The Impact of One Infectious Disease on Health , Economic Development and Lifestyle of the Area Where It Occurs

924 Words Apr 25th, 2013 4 Pages
Discuss the impact of one infectious disease on the health, economic development and lifestyle of the area where it occurs?

An infectious disease that affects health, economic development and lifestyle is HIV/AIDS. This disease is a pandemic that has spread over continents and all over the world. An area where this disease has effected the most is in South Africa, this is because it’s estimated that 5.6 million people are living with HIV and AIDS.

Leading on to my next point, this has a massive effect on health due to the fact that this disease affects the immune system and so therefore shortens life expectancy. The average life expectancy in South Africa is 51 years old compared to MEDCS e.g. the UK average life expectancy is 80.
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The number of premature deaths due to HIV/AIDS has increased considerably over the last decade from 39 percent to 75 percent in 2010. This has a massive impact on the economy as this is when they are at there peak time of productivity in the workforce. Many of these parents die prematurely leaving nothing for there household as the majority of the time it’s the parent with the highest income that is lost due to HIV/AIDS. This has other effects apart from financial hardship; it has devastating effects on the child of that particular family. Majority of the time the child becomes an orphan. A survey on HIV’S impact on house hold found that more that 80 percent of the sample would lose more than half their per capita income with death of the highest income earner, leaving that particular family in shock.

To conclude this, I believe that there is not much being done to stops this disease from being a pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa. Although there are quiet a few programs being in place in order to prevent it such as the WHO organization, its not being fully supported by there government as they only spent 8.7 percent of there GDP on health care. Which overall reflects on their cases of HIV/AIDS. Sub-Sahran Africa spends less then $200 on health care per a person. Also there are less

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