The Id, Ego, And Human Philosophy In Shakespeare's Macbeth

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Shakespeare once mentioned that “It is not in the stars to hold our destiny but in ourselves” (“William Shakespeare Quotes”). He explains that fate does not control our actions but our own will is what takes jurisdiction of it. Essentially, one’s mental thoughts are what drives one’s behavior. The human psyche is composed of the id, ego, and superego. These three aspects of the human psyche are what controls our actions and determines our personality. Published in 1623, Shakespeare’s play Macbeth illustrates Macbeth as the id, Lady Macbeth as the superego, and Macduff as the ego. Lady Macbeth’s actions in making Macbeth want to murder were led by her superego.
The play illustrates her superego being the one that made her believe that her ideal
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The becoming of Macbeth as the Thane of Cawdor was led by him taking charge of his own fate. “For Brave Macbeth–Well he deserves that name–Disdaining fortune, with his brandish’d steel, which smoked with bloody execution, Like valour’s minion carved out his passage” (Shakespeare I.II pg. 2). The sergeant explains that Macbeth deserves to be the Thane of Cawdor because he was the one who killed the traitor Macdonwald. This act that made Macbeth worthy of gaining this title was all controlled by Macbeth’s own jurisdiction. Banquo’s fate of being murdered by Macbeth was also determined by Macbeth. “To be thus is nothing; But to be safely thus: our fears in Banquo Stick deep” (Shakespeare III.I pg. 34). Macbeth explains that after he murdered Duncan and became king, the only one threatening his kingship was Banquo. His reasoning for Banquo’s threat is that “To make them kings, the seed of Banquo Kings! Rather than so, come, fate, into the list, and champion me to the utterance” (Shakespeare III.I pg 35). Macbeth reasons that Banquo is a threat to him because his sons are destined to become kings. This subsequently caused Macbeth to trust his impulses which were to murder Banquo because he felt that Banquo threatens his kingship. Macbeth out of fear would do anything to protect his …show more content…
The ego is the part of the brain that works with reason and is used to satisfy the id 's demands without hurting the individual 's conscience. During the play Macduff is capable of reasoning with others. Even though his family was murdered by Macbeth his psychological mind was not damaged because he will be able to exact revenge for his family. “Be comforted: Let 's make us medicines of our great revenge. To cure this deadly grief.” (Shakespeare IV.III pg. 67). Malcolm explains that there is no need to feel melancholy about what happened to his family because he will be able to bring justice for them. Macduff in the story serves on the reality principle and is able to satisfy the ids needs without hurting

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