The Historical And Intellectual Development Of The Discipline Of Sociology
In this assignment I will compare and contrast the theories of Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim paying particular attention to their contribution to the historical and intellectual development of the discipline of sociology. Sociology is the scientific study of human society, social behaviour and its origin, development, organisations and institutions. It is a social science which uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity.
Emile Durkheim saw the subject matter of sociology as social facts, collective ways of acting that exist outside individuals determining their actions. Examples of his work include his study of suicide and the role of religion in society. He was a French Functionalist, meaning he looked at society in a scientific way. He believed that members of society were in consensus with one another, they all wanted the same goals and had the same attitudes and that everyone in society and everything in society has a perfect place and does a job. So institutions like the family, education, the legal system and religion all work together nicely to create a functional society in which we are socialised into a consensus of values.
Marx on the other…