The Great Depression : The New Deal, World War II, And The Beginning Of The Cold War

1124 Words Mar 17th, 2016 5 Pages
During the period 1928-1948, the United States experienced the Roaring 20 's, the Great Depression, the New Deal, World War II, and the beginning of the Cold War. Each of these phases presented Presidential candidates with opportunities to share their positions on the issues. There was a major shift in political party loyalties different from the traditional Republican and big business in the North versus Democrats in the South.
There were six Presidential elections from 1928-1948; however, only three different presidents were elected during this period. Republican Herbert Hoover, and Democrats Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman shifted party loyalties based on their stances on the issues of civil rights and the economy. While the issue of civil rights and the prosperous economy caused loyalties to shift in the election of Republican Hoover (1928), the issues of civil rights and the Great Depression helped Democrats dominate politics for years after as party loyalties kept shifting. The election of 1928 saw the Secretary of Commerce, Republican Herbert Hoover, running against the Governor of New York, Democrat Alfred E. Smith. The primary issues during this election were Prohibition (18th Amendment) and religion. The Roaring Twenties were a time of great economic prosperity, with the nation’s wealth more than doubling from 1920-1929. Governor Smith favored repealing Prohibition, while Hoover firmly supported keeping the 18th Amendment in place. Many Americans felt…

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