The Influence Of Pope Urban II

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During the end of the 11th century, large civilizations in Europe and the Middle East had risen to conflict. The Catholic Kingdoms had originated from the Roman Empire after the civilization had fallen. The Kingdoms expanded its territory from present day France through present day Hungary; essentially Western Europe (Crusades Map). In the Catholic Kingdoms, the Pope had control of all church affairs, and the priest had control over a single church (Ellis 217-218).
During the late 12th century, the Holy Father was Pope Urban II. Pope Urban II was a Catholic Christian and was in charge of all Catholic Church affairs (“The Crusades”). The Byzantine Empire had branched off from Rome in 330 AD, and the Byzantine Empire followed a different branch
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“On this account I, rather the Lord, urge you as Christ’s heralds to persuade all people of whatever rank, foot-soldiers and knights, poor and rich, carry aid promptly to those Christians and to destroy the vile race from the lands of our friends” (Urban 1095). Surprisingly, the previous years of hatred towards each other had been diminished as Pope Urban II had called the Byzantine counterparts as “friends” and “Christians”. The Pope recognized the Byzantine as fellow Christians and brothers. Men of all social backgrounds, flocked to become a crusader because “Christ commands it” (Urban 1095). So in 1095, the First Crusade marched toward Jerusalem. Although the journey to Jerusalem was religiously motivated, the Holy City was not apart of the Byzantine Empire, which was where the emperor originally wanted. Pope Urban II had lead the Crusade towards Jerusalem to conquer land that was considered holy. Conquering holy land would allow the Pope to be granted land and power (Class Notes Dec 20 …show more content…
Jerusalem housed the Dome of the Rock, the Wailing Wall, and the Church of Holy Sepulcher (Jerusalem Map). The holy sites belonged to Islam, Judaism, and Christianity respectively (Class Notes Dec 18 2017). Capturing such a holy city brought religious power to Christians since they would be able to drive the Muslims off as well as the Jewish. The Crusaders did not know the real reasoning for attacking the holy city, so they had blindly attacked Jerusalem (Crusaders Map). It was because the battle for Jerusalem had been motivated by religion and those who fought believed it was mandatory to fight for the Lord. Pope Urban had also described Muslims in his speech to be a “wicked race”, a “vile race” and those who “worship devils” (Urban 1095). Those against Christianity only angered the Crusaders since Muslims and non-worshippers were against the Christianity. The rewards of fighting in the war and religious fanaticism for Christ had led to what we know as the First

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