Essay about The Evolution Of Western Civilization

1430 Words Jun 29th, 2015 null Page
The evolution of Western Civilization from 400 BCE to 1200 BCE is rife with extremes. Through the works of Plato, Pliny the Elder, and St. Benedict, conflicting ideas and ideals are evident. While Plato and much of Greek elite culture believed in always questioning and relying on philosophy, Roman authors such as Pliny and St. Benedict rebuked questioning the existence of deities. Contradictions appear between Pliny the Elder and St. Benedict. Pliny recognizes the religious belief of many gods, but never begs the reality of one over another. St, Benedict requires a strict adherence to the belief of one god of his specific denomination of Christian faith. The conflicts here motivated the evolution of Western Civilization by supplying new ways of understanding and new cultural ideas.
In many early Greek and Roman cultures, few citizens knew how to read or write. The literate members of the community held high status, often through royalty or a church or monastery. The literate wrote for those who were literate or had literate staff to recite the written works. These are the elite members of society. The three elite authors cited here have differing ideas of the god or gods they revere. Plato, as a Greek writer, accepted the existence of many gods. Specifically his work, Symposium, dealt with questioning the deity status of Love. Pliny the Elder, who is recording information about the general belief in gods at the time, does not specify his own beliefs. However, Pliny…

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