The Eruption Of Mount Vesuvius Essay

801 Words Mar 12th, 2015 4 Pages
Mount Vesuvius is one of the most famous and dangerous volcanoes in the world. It is located in Southern Italy, near Naples and stands at around 4202 feet or 1281 meters. It is classified as a complex stratovolcano, which is also known as composite volcano. It is made up of layers of lava and ash. The volcano is at the convergent boundary where the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate form a subduction zone. Vesuvius consists a large and central cone, which is surrounded by a steep caldera called Mount Somma. In another words, Vesuvius forms after the collapsed of Somma nearly 17,000 years ago. It also contains a large crater at the top and a central vent that release the magma from the interior of the Earth. Another interesting fact about Vesuvius is that it is the only active volcano in mainland Europe. Stratovolcano is always related with violent and explosive eruptions. Vesuvius has undergone many catastrophic and significant eruptions in the history. The most devastating and famous eruption took place on August 24, 79 A.D. Two Roman cities, Pompeii and Herculaneum, and other surrounding towns were buried. The mountain blew out a column of ash, cinders and rocks, along with the disadvantage of wind blowing, destroyed two cities. Pyroclastic flow killed approximately 3,500 people. In December 1631, another massive eruption occurred and produced lava and mudflows that killed another 3,000 inhabitants. Due to rainfall, fallen ash from this eruption combined with water…

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