The Emergence Of The New African Movement In The 19th Century

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The emergence of the New African Movement in the 19th century can be marked as a turning in the way Africans resisted colonialism. In this essay i will identify the ideas and developments of the New African Movement during the end of the 19th century and the first few decades of the twentieth century.
Around the 19th century it became more evident that Europeans where not only planning on staying in South Africa but they would further exclude and exploit African bodies. Many Africans had resisted European colonialism since their arrival but in the 19th century the nature of this resistance took a new turn. This was due to the formation of the New African Movement which consisted of writers, political and religious leaders, artists, teachers
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This essay was called the ‘Negro question’ where he argued that African Americans should be appropriated as an intellectual and tasks and historical process. Plaaitjie created a metaphysics of principles and values in hopes in would unite blacks within a similar identity. He was also part of the development of the ANC and was secretary.
The inspiration of Ethiopianism and Semes intellectualism led to plaaitje having his own development which was a book he published in London about the 1913 Natives land act. The book was named Native life in S.A and used Seme’s spirit of resistance and political organisation where even travelled worldwide raising awareness about SA conditions for Africans.
Plaatje and Seme works and ideologies had inspired a very historic event that had happened within the 19th century. The father of Pan-Africanism Sylvester Williams from Trinidad who had been in London was inspired by these New African Movement intellectuals. A year later this led to a development which could be considered part of the New African Movement he launched Pan-Africanism. This was not widespread at a time but a Ghanaian New African movement intellectual who resided in S.A developed his own paper of S.A Spectator. Where worked on connecting The New African Movement, Pan-Africanism and African

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