The Ego, Beyond The Pleasure Principle, And Dream Psychology

889 Words 4 Pages
Freud’s Theories Sigmund Freud was a Viennese neurologist. He was born on May 6th 1856 and died on September 23rd 1939. Freud paved the way for modern psychology. Freud was the first to study the mind so in depth as he did. He wrote several books about his theories. Some of his books are The Ego and the Id, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and Dream Psychology (Psychoanalysis for Beginners. Although most of his theories were proven to be wrong over time, he still was a major contributor to the field of psychology. Some of his famous theories include the unconscious mind, the psyche, defense mechanisms, and dream analysis. Freud was a strong believer that everything about a person resides in the unconscious. People’s drives, instincts, and …show more content…
These three things are a part of people’s personality and explain why people do the things that they do. The Id is the root of all of someone’s instincts. “Freud assumed the id operated at an unconscious level according to the pleasure principle (gratification from satisfying basic instincts). The id comprises two kinds of biological instincts (or drives) which Freud called Eros and Thanatos” (Sigmund Freud’s Theories). Freud believed that the id was a result of the unconscious where all of someone’s instincts and drives came from. The ego is described as reality. It mediates between the id and the superego. The egos job is to keep the id satisfied but by using socially acceptable means. The superego is described as someone’s morality. It is developed through society and how society expects one to behave. When a person feels guilty, Freud believed it was the result of the …show more content…
The six are repression, projection, displacement, sublimation, denial, and regression. Repression, the most important mechanism was the first Freud discovered. “Repression is an unconscious mechanism employed by the ego to keep disturbing or threatening thoughts from becoming conscious” (Defense Mechanisms). Things that are repressed are thoughts that would make you feel guilty. The next defense mechanism is projection. Projection is the act of placing ones thoughts and acts onto someone or something else. It is like blaming something on something or someone else. “...you might hate someone, but your superego tells you that such hatred is unacceptable. You can 'solve ' the problem by believing that they hate you” (Defense Mechanisms). The defense mechanism of displacement is similar to projection. If someone is having a hard time at work he or she may come home and get angry at his or her spouse or children instead of dealing with the issues at work. All of the defense mechanisms are similar to one another and have slight differences. For example sublimation is the same as displacement but instead of acting socially unacceptable the person uses an acceptable way of coping with their problems. The next defense is denial, which is obvious. The individual denies it to the point he or she does not even think there is a problem. Regression is “movement back in psychological time when one is faced with

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