The Effects Of Racial Discrimination In The Criminal Justice System

783 Words 4 Pages
The racial disparities within the criminal justice system are staggering. The policies passed by the government to combat the drug epidemic within the country, has been a losing battle. However, the war on drugs disproportionately affected communities of color. The selective enforcement and patrol of economically poorer urbanized areas has resulted in more minorities under the control of correctional institutions today, more than the enslavement era in the United States. Despite the fact that rates of drug use is similar among racial lines, Blacks and Latinos enter the system 10 times more often than whites. The racial bias within the criminal justice system is both implicit and explicit, meaning the system is designed to keep people of color …show more content…
The number of drug related arrests accounts for more than a quarter of people in prison. Although drug use has not declined, poor people and people of color have been caged, labelled, and branded with criminal records. This poses barriers to employment, housing, and overall stability. The selective policing and prosecution of non-violent drug offenses in communities of color, however the fact is whites engage in drug offenses at a higher rate than blacks. Policies such as three strikes sentencing laws and mandatory sentences have generated unnecessary harsh imprisonment. “One in three black men can expect to be incarcerated in his lifetime. Compare that to one in six Latino males and one in 17 white males.” (ACLU) Nonetheless, there has been some progress made, congress passed the Fair Sentencing Act in 2010. The law reduced the inconsistency between the amount of crack cocaine and powder cocaine needed to trigger certain federal criminal penalties. Resulting in the elimination of the five-year mandatory minimum sentence for simple possession of crack cocaine. This only addresses a small issue of the criminal justice …show more content…
Racial profiling is when “law enforcement and private security target people of color for humiliating and often frightening detentions, interrogations, and searches without evidence of criminal activity and based on perceived race, ethnicity, national origin, or religion.” (ACLU) Although it is unconstitutional, because of equal protection under the law for all and freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. The injustice of the criminal justice system is clear, this practice widens the gap between law enforcement and communities. Law enforcement has lost the trust and credibility among communities of color across the United States. This is problematic because we depend on law enforcement to protect us from harm, they were sworn to protect and serve the

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