The Effects Of Bullying On The Workplace Essay example

878 Words Sep 4th, 2016 4 Pages
Bullying in the workplace refers to a situation where a targeted employee is subjected to negative acts by superiors and/or colleagues repeatedly over a period of time, and the confronted employee finds it difficult to take a stand against or cope with such negative acts (Hauge, Skogstad, & Einarsen, 2010; Loerbroks et al., 2015). One possible consequence of experiencing workplace bullying is depression. This paper will address depression within the context of bullying and will review types of operant learning, positive and negative reinforcement as well as avoidance theories, learned helplessness, and social observational theory to help explain why depression may be a possible consequence of being bullied.
Workplace bullying behaviours involve direct actions such as verbal aggression, physical intimidation and public humiliation, as well as indirect actions such as social exclusion and spreading of rumors (Hauge et al., 2010). Furthermore, these workplace bullying actions can be work-related (unreasonable deadlines, unmanageable workload) or personal (teasing, verbal abuse) (Casimir, McCormack, Djurkovic, & Nsubuga-Kyobe, 2012). As Casimir et al. (2012) described a significant characteristic of workplace bullying being classified as bullying is whether the target perceives it to be inappropriate, the intention of the perpetrator is not considered in defining if the bullying behaviour has occurred. Workplace bullying has been described as an extreme type of social stressor…

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