The Effects Of Antimicrobial Resistance On Livestock Growth Essay

1292 Words Nov 12th, 2015 null Page
Antimicrobial resistance has been increasing throughout recent years. One reason is due to a prevalent use of antibiotics as growth stimulants in livestock. The bacteria in the livestock become resistant due to constant exposure to the antibiotics. When the meat harvested from these animals is packaged and sold, the bacteria are now exposed to the human population. This bacterium can make its way into the human body and cause various illnesses. Illnesses that were once easily cured with light antibiotics now require much stronger antibiotics. Some antibiotic resistant bacteria are MRSA, Campylobacter, and Salmonella and can cause serious illnesses if not properly treated. In the early 1900s, American farmers were struggling to keep up with the meat demands. The high cost of animal based supplements and the slow growth rate forced scientists to begin exploring other options. The discovery that antibiotics improve livestock growth was in fact an accident. Scientists in the 1950s originally thought that the recently discovered B12 Vitamin was the reason for improved health among the livestock. Later research showed that the B12 batch used for their experiment had small amounts of the antibiotic Aureomycin. These minute amounts of antibiotics increased growth by up to fifty percent (Ogle, 2013). This agricultural advancement shaped future agricultural practices. Antibiotic use in livestock became common for decades. These practices became especially useful…

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