The Dual Multiplex Of The Divided Line Essay

1574 Words Nov 7th, 2015 7 Pages
The Dual Multiplex of the Divided Line

Argument, in the conversational Platonic sense, is one possible way to come to accurate conclusions. In an argument, two or more opposing sides all present their evidence, and, upon deliberation, all sides come to a unanimous conclusion, which forms a thesis. In when more evidence is brought forward, the thesis is compared to the antithesis, and synthesis occurs through which a new, more refined thesis is created. In Plato’s Republic, this dialectical process is used to define Justice, first in the macroexample of a hypothetical perfect state, and then for the individual. When coming to to the definition of Justice, Socrates argues his points by finding apparent contradictions, and then resolving them by dividing the contradicting group into their elementary parts. For example, he states “justice and injustice…each of them is in itself single… but seem to be a multiplicity because they appear everywhere in combination” (476 A). By breaking down the areas where justice and injustice are both found, each can be viewed in its separate entirety. Another example of this principle is his explanation of the divided line, or hierarchy of knowledge in the ideal state and individual. By understanding the opposite complementary relationships in the divided line, its application for justifying the existence of the philosopher ruler as the head of Plato’s ideal state can be recognized. The divided line can be broken apart into two large…

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