The Digestive System And Contraction Of Crohn 's Disease Essay

1523 Words Apr 5th, 2015 7 Pages
“Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) describes a chronic idiopathic relapsing and remitting disorder of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract characterised by GI inflammation” (Bettany, Gardiner, 2013). Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that affects a portion of the gastrointestinal tract. According to Elaine Cronin,
CD is an idiopathic, chronic, transmural process of the bowel, in which 90% of patients have involvement of the terminal ileum. Inflammation extends through the entire thickness of the bowel wall, and can appear in multiple areas of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract – from mouth to anus – at any one time, in which case it is known as skip lesions (2011).
This paper will discuss the digestive system and contraction of Crohn’s disease, the signs/symptoms, diagnostics, and treatment of the disease, and the prognosis/complications and prevention/risk of Crohn’s disease. The digestive system is composed of the gastrointestinal tract and accessory organs, whose purpose is to aid in digestion. According to Johnstone, Hendry, Farley and McLafferty (2014), in adults the gastrointestinal tract is about twenty-nine feet long. There are many major components of the digestive system. The first component is the mouth, where digestion starts. In the mouth the lips, tongue, taste buds, teeth and salivary glands all help to start the process of digestion. The lips help to keep food in the mouth. The tongue aids in digestion because it “guides food during…

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