Essay on The Deathless Soul Of Plato 's Phaedo

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The Deathless Soul in Plato’s Phaedo In his dialogue, the Phaedo, Plato offers justification for the immortality of the soul. Plato does this through an argument many have referred to as the “final argument.” I will explicitly make sure that the arguments are clearly expressed and explained. First, I will discuss some of the key features of the previous three arguments in the Phaedo. Secondly, the previous three arguments will lead into the ontological presuppositions that Plato relies on for the validity of his final argument. In each case, Plato’s goal was to give an explanation of the immortality of the soul; and I believe he did just that. Plato introduced these first three argument through Socrates: (1) the Cyclical Argument, (2) the argument of Recollection, and (3) the Affinity Argument. It is my belief that the main purpose of these first three arguments was to introduce significant ideas that Plato uses in the final argument. I must disclose that I will not be arguing whether each argument is valid or invalid; rather, I will only provide a brief outline of each argument to better understand the final argument. The key feature of the cyclical argument is the Principle of Opposites. This means that if a particular shares in one of a pair of opposite Forms, it comes to share in that Form after having once shared in the opposite Form (Phaedo 70E). For example, if a bear shares in the Form of Awakeness, it does so after having once shared in the Form of Sleepness.…

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