The Correlation Between Mood Disorders And Suicide Rate Essay

1788 Words Nov 18th, 2016 8 Pages
In 2012, there were 3,926 suicides in Canada, of which an overwhelming 2,972 were males (Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group (Both sexes no.), 2015). Yet, in the same year over half of the 2,105,882 reported mood disorders were experienced by women (Mood disorders, by age and sex (Numbers), 2016). Beautrais, Joyce, Multer et al. studied the correlation between mood disorders and suicide and determined that “mood disorders made the largest contribution to the risk of suicide attempt,” the most influential being depression, contradictory to these Canadian statistics (1996). While suicide is an individual task, it is influenced by many social factors that differ between men and women. People respond to the societal expectations implemented on the status they occupy. This social influence causes depression, controls coping methods and help-seeking behaviour, and ultimately creates suicidal ideation which can lead to the act of suicide. The inconsistency between gender roles helps to explain the conflicting statistics in Canada.
Causes of Depression
A diagnosis of depression does not have a universal cause among humans, or even a single root in an individual. Mood disorders are caused by a complex mixture of biological, psychological and sociological factors. Genetically, individuals may be more susceptible to mood disorders but the disorder will not present itself without other influential elements from the social environment. The psychiatric dictionary definition…

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