The Contribution Of Hiv / Aids Essay

1751 Words Mar 31st, 2015 null Page
The Incredible Achievements in the Short History of HIV/AIDS Although commonly believed to have been transferred to humans by chimpanzees at some point between 1880 and 1920, the first official case of HIV occurred in the early 1980s. In November of 1982, there were 600 confirmed cases of AIDS, and the number was growing exponentially. In 1984, researchers discovered HIV, which is the virus that causes AIDS. At the time, patients with HIV that had progressed to would usually have somewhere between 6 months and three years to live. Thirteen years later, in 1995, a treatment for the virus was developed and brought to market-- it allowed patients to not die an AIDS related death. Since the recognition of the complicated AIDS virus in 1982, the pharmaceutical industry has made incredible strides in treatment. As Barbara Mantel, an infectious disease expert, states, the diagnosis of AIDS has changed in meaning “from a death sentence to a chronic illness” (Mantel, “Conquering AIDS” Section “Treatment and Funding”) The ability to make these lifesaving improvements shows the extraordinary feats capable modern science and indicates a bright future for the medical field. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that leads to AIDS, the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV targets the immune system, specifically T-Cells, which are crucial in fighting illnesses. Once the virus takes over a T-Cell, the virus causes the cell to replicate in the form of infected cells. As…

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