The Components Of Culture : Norms, Symbols, Language, And Culture

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The five components of culture are: norms, values, symbols, language, and material culture. Symbols could be anything such as images, icons, gestures and tangible things. Sociologists study both official rules of language, various types of registers, and the connotations of words and phrases. Language shapes the view of reality of its speakers. Values are a collection of ideas about what we believe is good and bad. Values tends to shift over a period of time. Norms are established rules of behavior or standards of conduct, not just ideas or ideals. They can be either formal (codified in law) or informal (subject to reproach of others); they also Prescriptive (Write a thank you letter to everyone who gave you a wedding gift) and proscriptive (Don’t wear white after Labor Day). Societal sanctions are ranked by severity: Folkways, Mores, and then Taboos. Materials Culture are any tangible thing a society produces such as cars, houses, cell phones and so on.
“The idea of the peace movement and of people who spent their entire lives trying to have a more egalitarian, just society, suddenly became swamped by the record industry, by the new rock and roll culture, and by the idea of not trusting anyone over thirty” (Amram). Cultures change through three methods: Discoveries, a new tool, practices, and inventions that change culture and often led to cultural lag, Diffusion, is a two groups contact one another and one group takes on the traits of new groups, and Invention, modifying…

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