The Common Pancreatic Disorder ( Glylys & Wedding ) Essay

1553 Words Jul 8th, 2015 null Page
Introduction to Diabetes Diabetes is the most common pancreatic disorder (Glylys & Wedding, 2013). It is caused from impaired carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism due to insufficient production of insulin or the body 's inability to use insulin properly (Glylys & Wedding, 2013). There are different types of diabetes such as type 1, type 2 and gestational, which are all handled differently. Patients may just need a diet change or have to use insulin. If diabetes is not controlled properly it can lead to hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. It can then also cause multiple complications in the long term.
Types of diabetes Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not produce sufficient insulin causing high blood glucose levels. This occurs when the body 's immune system attacks those insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them (American Diabetes Association, unknown). Some signs and symptoms to diagnosis type 1 diabetes are polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, rapid weight loss, irritability, weakness, fatigue, nausea and vomiting (Glylys & Wedding, 2013). Type 1 is mostly found in children and young adults. The patient needs to monitor blood glucose levels with a glucometer throughout the day to determine how much insulin is needed. Insulin can be injected with insulin pens or syringes. The injections are to be given in the abdomen, buttocks or arms and alternating sites every time. Some prefer using an insulin pump that mimics a normal pancreatic secretion…

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