Essay On Radiation Therapy

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There are possible connections to death when receiving radiation therapy for patients that have cancer. Radiation therapy is also known as radiation oncology. Radiation is a form of energy that happens naturally, it can be controlled to use more intentionally. Radiation is a tool for medical treatment, radiation therapy is the most common type of treatment used for cancer. Radiation can be given as a curative modality, either alone or in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy. Breast cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer and other cancers can be treated with radiation therapy using high doses of radiation, in an attempt to destroy or reduce tumors and other cancerous cells. However, sometimes individuals with cancer may die due to too …show more content…
Before one is able to undergo radiation treatment the doctor calculates the total dose of radiotherapy that is needed and the number of individual doses required. There are no guidelines that explain exactly how much radiation is too much because each patient is different so it may vary. Most patients will have a computerised tomography scan in order to accurately locate the tumor. A computerised tomography scan (also known as a CT scan) uses a computer and X-rays to build detailed images of the inside of the body. Radiation therapy can …show more content…
Exhaustion is another common side effect however unlike someone who is exhausted from lack of sleep, patients that are experiencing this side effect still feel exhausted after receiving sleep. The risk of getting a second cancer from radiation therapy is low although it is possible. Radiation therapy to the pelvis can also affect the reproductive system. Many women receiving high doses of radiation therapy can stop menstruating and experience symptoms including menopause, such as vaginal itching, burning, dryness, and permanent infertility. Last, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fainting, stiffness in the jaw, nausea, shortness of breath and hair loss are also possible side effects. More side effects are possible depending on the location of treatment. Below the graph demonstrates the difference rates of survival between those who underwent standard radiation therapy shortly after they were diagnosed with breast cancer and those who refused the

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