The Columbian Exchange : The New World Essay

804 Words Nov 25th, 2015 4 Pages
The Columbian Exchange is a term referring to Christopher Columbus arriving to the New World. His appearance to the New World brought about the agricultural lifestyle and influenced the way people lived. Tobacco, turkeys silver, and potatoes were various products that were exchanged to the Europeans. Earthworms also became noteworthy. Accidentally exchanged by the Europeans, earthworms impacted the agriculture by packing nutrients in the previously worm-free soil. Although there are many positive aspects of this trade of plants, animals, and new forms of technologies, the spread of diseases and the damage to the indigenous cultures caused vast consequences that impacts today’s world.
The transfer of diseases occurred between Native Americans and Europeans. In the Old World, common diseases were the cold, influenza, and chicken pox. Some of the New World diseases included syphilis, polio, and malaria. Because the following diseases had not been around, the original settlers easily caught the new diseases. Most diseases were air born, and could be caught right away. Smallpox was one of the deadliest and “killed tens of thousands of Indians in the New World” (Public Gettysburg).
Perhaps the most controversial disease was malaria. Associated with mosquitoes, malaria is described by Mann as “wildly complex; it changes outward appearance with the alacrity of characters in a Shakespearean comedy” (104). When the English had been infected, many were still permitted to leave for the…

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