Jim Crow Laws In The 1800s

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In the 16th century, countries like France, Britain, Netherlands and Spain launched massive colonisation programs in the eastern part of North America, and the colonies were established successfully. However, by the time the American Revolution rolled around, Britain was the major coloniser in what is today United States of America. Four distinct British regions on the eastern seaboard of what today is called United States of America were: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont); Middle Colonies, which comprised of the 13 colonies of the British Empire in North America (Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania); Chesapeake Bay Colonies, which included the Colony and Dominion of Virginia and Province of Maryland …show more content…
Southern United States was particularly resistant to the idea of civil and equal rights for blacks. Hence, in 1890, Jim Crow Laws were established in some southern states, wherein racial prejudice and segregation of public spaces was legal, even if slavery was not. These laws followed the Black Code that existed from 1800 to 1866, and restricted the civil rights and liberties of African Americans.

Post World War II, the outrage against these laws was unmanageable. With the argument that they had more than earned the right to be treated as equal citizens of United States of America after they had fought for it in the war, the Civil Rights Movement kicked off in 1954. It was characterised by civil resistance of the participants and the people protested through non-violence and civil disobedience. The progress of attaining civil rights legally was slow but ultimately in 1968, the Civil Rights Act was passed.

Shelby Steele acknowledges this event, but insists that the promise of the Civil Rights era—the promise of equality—has not been upheld because of what he calls “white guilt” and the response of a section of blacks to

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