The Collonization Of American Colonization In The 16th Century

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In the 16th century, countries like France, Britain, Netherlands and Spain launched massive colonisation programs in the eastern part of North America, and the colonies were established successfully. However, by the time the American Revolution rolled around, Britain was the major coloniser in what is today United States of America. Four distinct British regions on the eastern seaboard of what today is called United States of America were: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont); Middle Colonies, which comprised of the 13 colonies of the British Empire in North America (Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania); Chesapeake Bay Colonies, which included the Colony and Dominion of Virginia and …show more content…
The root of US colonisation can be traced back to the European colonisation of Africa, which initially started off as an exchange of gifts between African tribe leaders and the European merchants. Greenblatt sums up the inequality of exchange in this way: “I give you a glass bead and you give me pearls worth half your tribe.”

But apparently, the natural resources of Africa were not enough for the European colonisers. They were aware of the slaves who were captured in the tribal wars between two war chiefs. So the Europeans essentially made a business out of capturing Africans and selling them as slaves, and provided a huge market for these slaves by shipping them to Europe and later, over to the Americas via the Atlantic. Not only were the Africans free labour, they were also plentiful as compared to the European indentured
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This, apparently, was the trigger for mass demand and supply of slaves to the new market of America. At first, these slaves were indentured labourers, wherein they would be freed after seven years of service in exchange for land and labour. But that was not satisfying for the settlers. The black slaves were never considered to be citizens under the English Common Law in the colonies, and by 1641, slavery was legalised. The Africans became chattel slaves: owed by their English masters, bought and sold as commodities. They were also used as easy labour in cotton and other plantations in Southern colonies. This continued well after the American War of Independence, and well past the formation of United States of America. After the American Revolution, it took about almost a century for the abolitionists to gain victory over the other half of the country. The northern part of the country now formed was more or less pro-abolition but the southern part was still unwilling to part with easy labour in plantations. But after some brutal civil wars, slavery was finally abolished in 1865. However, as we are very familiar, laws cannot change the mindset of the society. Southern United States was particularly resistant to the idea of civil and equal rights for blacks. Hence, in 1890, Jim Crow Laws were established in some southern states, wherein racial prejudice and segregation of public spaces

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