The Cognitive Behavioral Intervention Approach

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The Cognitive Behavioral Intervention Approach
Emotional Behavioral Disorders




Used widely for helping students manage behaviors if they have shown that they are not equipped to handle various phases of life, the Cognitive Behavioral Approach (CBA) has been shown to be successful with children who “react socially inappropriately by acting out, [and] refusing to follow the rules” (Stonecipher, 2012). The undesirable results from these behaviors may be withdrawal or violence. These are children who have been diagnosed with Emotional Behavior Disorder (EBD). Cognitive Behavioral Approach is an intervention which follows prescribed procedures in addressing the problems associated with
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The three defining components of children diagnosed with EBD are emotions, thoughts and behaviors. While they can be examined separately, it is more effective to look at how each one interrelates with and affects the other two components as without recognizing the connections between the three, the CBA is not effective. Each component can be treated independently of the others, however, the results would not be a generalized improvement of the EBD. Analyzing the entire system with its interactions has been shown to produce results.
Basic cognitive therapy involves looking at the dysfunctional or inappropriate thinking of an individual which in turn leads to inappropriate emotional responses and/or behaviors. Therapy provides the expectation that by “changing their thoughts, people can change how they feel and what they do (Different approaches to psychotherapy,
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These interventions need to be specific for the behaviors of this particular student and must detail the behavior, the intervention and the assessment. Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) utilizes various techniques specifically identified for a student. FBA needs to be “integrated, as appropriate, throughout the process of developing, reviewing, and, if necessary, revising a student’s IEP” (Functional Behavioral Assessment, n.d.). As the FBA looks beyond the behavior it focuses on finding the significant environmental factors which have affect this specific student. It is believed that this broad outlook on a behavior is better at helping understand the reasons behind the behavior and help to identify the interventions which might be the most appropriate. There are many classroom strategies which have results that may be assessed by the student as well as prepared tests, conversations or observations by others and classroom observations which contribute to assessing the progress of the EBD

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