The Claim Of Life After Death
First Luke uses the verb ἐγείρω (egeiro), affirming the belief that Jesus was actively raised by God into a state of living after having been dead. Egeiro is the same word used to describe the miracles performed in Acts, such as when Peter raised a lame man or when he brought Dorcas back to life (Acts 3:7; 9:41). Peter, as a divine agent of God, was given power by the Holy Spirit to perform these miracles much like Jesus had done during His earthly ministry. In each of these miracles however, the recipients were resuscitated to one-day die again. When Jesus was raised by God, He was raised to never experience death again. The second word Luke uses is ἀνάστασις (anastasis), meaning resurrection from the dead. This word is used as a noun to describe both Christ’s resurrection from the dead, as well as believers eschatological promise of resurrection with Christ. With these two words, Luke establishes that Jesus died in a literal sense, according to the pre-determined plan of God, and that through the sovereign work of God, He was raised from the dead, the firstborn of many brethren. Luke makes it clear that he is not just writing spiritual jargon, but is speaking of a definite bodily …show more content…
In Acts 3:7 Luke uses egeiro to describe Peter’s miraculous healing of the lame man at the gate of the temple. Peter essentially uses this miracle as a sermon starter for the gospel message he was about to proclaim. Peter ask the people why they are amazed that God could raise a man to walk if He had already proved that He could raise Jesus to life.
Peter and John were then arrested for preaching in Jesus the resurrection (anastasis) from the dead (Acts 4:2). The next morning the high priest and members of the Sanhedrin questioned Peter and James on how they were able to heal the lame man. In a bold statement of faith, Peter claims that, “by the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead—by this name this man stands here before you in good health” (Acts 4:10). Peter again uses egeiro as a past-tense verb to emphasize that God raised Jesus from the dead. In Acts 5:30 Peter, along with the other apostles, once again stand before the Sanhedrin, this time giving a defense on why they have continued to preach Jesus in Jerusalem. Peter responds that “we must obey God rather than men” (Acts 5:29). Peter then explains in verse 30 that God raised Jesus, whom they put to death. Exalted by God as savior, Jesus now grants repentance, forgiveness of sins, and the Holy Spirit to His people