Essay on The Civil War And The Abolition Act Of 1862

1054 Words Sep 21st, 2016 5 Pages
In 1860, just a few years preceding the Civil war, the Union Army numbers totaled in about 16,000 men (Newell, 2014). To prepare for the unavoidable conflict with the Confederate States, President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to enlist and in the next three years, congress authorized the acceptance of one million soldiers (Calabresi & Bobbit, 1978). To supplement this demand in man power, congress passed the Militia Act of 1862 which empowered the President to direct the States to utilize drafts of militia if a state did not fulfill the quotas for the Army; furthermore, the act was the beginning of the transition from state to federal authority in raising an army (Perri, 2013). Following the Militia Act, Congress passed the Enrollment Act which aided the substitution policy with a policy of commutation. These two policies allow those who were drafted to avoid service by either hiring a substitute or pay a fee of $300. Despite the rejection of the two provisions by the general public, the Militia Act can satisfy utilitarian theology and the Enrollment Act can appease the libertarian theology. The threat the Confederate States posed to the United States as a whole justified the passing of the Militia Act of 1862 to prepare for the pending conflict. The main idea behind the principal of utility is to choose what will serve the greatest good for the greatest number; therefore, when trying to determine what will best serve the American people, it makes sense to…

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