The Cholera Outbreak Of Haiti Essay

918 Words 4 Pages
I. Introduction The cholera outbreak in Haiti has claimed the lives of over 7,000 Haitians and has sickened over 470,000 since the 2010 earthquake.1 An effective program that Haiti should consider is using a mass vaccination of a new and inexpensive oral cholera vaccine called Shanchol, which has been successful in Odisha, India.2
II. Body of Paper
A. The emergence of cholera in Haiti was initiated by a number of existing problems. There where two national disasters that struck Haiti between 2010 and 2012 that where instrumental to starting the cholera outbreak. The first was the 2010 earthquake that rocked the small island nation. On January 12, 2010 a 7.0 earthquake struck the region of Port-au-Prince Haiti.3 This disaster claimed the lives of 200,000 people and caused an estimated 8 billion dollars in damages.3 This was nearly equivalent to Haiti’s yearly gross domestic product.3 Haiti, which is located on the island of Hispaniola, does not see large earthquakes like this very often which, and because of this the country was totally unprepared. The last recorded major earthquakes in that region occurred in 1953 when an 8.1 earthquake was recorded northeast of Hispaniola.3 In order to find an earthquake that affected the mainland of Haiti one would have to go back to the 1700 where three large earthquakes where recorded near Port-au-Prince, two being in 1751 and one in 1770. 3 The lack of major earthquakes affecting the island had severely affected the quality of…

Related Documents