The Causes Of The Progressive Nature Of World War II

1100 Words 4 Pages
In the course of history, it is sometimes difficult to define monumental moments and what exactly caused those moments. Usually, it is not until many years later that specific actions and events in history become essential and highly influential pieces of the larger picture. Then it is possible to evaluate the causes of these crucial moments. It is the same with World War II. Looking back generally, it is easy to pinpoint key moments as Hitler initially swept through Europe with little resistance from European powers Britain and France. Similarly, it is possible to identify an increase in Japanese aggression as they conquered Asian colonies. Regardless of the ease of identifying these moments, it is still sometimes difficult to determine the …show more content…
In an isolated system, the individual actions and evidences of nationalism, colonialism, and communism may fail to yield war, but as global interaction and tension grew, so did the probability of war because of contrasting views in these three areas. The shifting scene of governments around the world gave a foretaste to some of the military and political actions that would follow. Prior to World War II, liberal democratic government briefly became popular before being converted into Fascist and Communist governments, particularly in Italy, Germany, and the USSR (Class Notes, 10/26/15). As Hitler rose to power in 1933 and Japan and Italy increased in strength by invading Manchuria and Ethiopia respectively, an alliance of sorts began to form and was solidified in 1937 between these three nations called the Anti-Comintern Pact. Subsequently, Japan invaded China (1937-1938) and Germany overtook both Austria and Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia (1938) with increased resolve to expand their territory due to nationalist and idealistic views (Strayer, Ways of the World, p. 636-650). The desire for colonialism resulting from a greater sense of nationalistic pride can be seen in these …show more content…
Once Germany invaded Poland in 1939, the Allies declared war and Hitler responded by utilizing his blitzkrieg military method on France before bombing Britain in 1940. It was at this point that Japan began conquering Asian colonies (1940-1942), climaxing in the attack on Pearl Harbor (1941). At the same time, in the European theatre, Germany expanded the war to include the USSR (1941), which would eventually lead to the turning point of the war in favor of the Allies at the Battle of Stalingrad (1943). In the Pacific theatre, fighting was intense, but the tide slowly began to turn with the Allied victory at the Battle of Midway (1942). 1944 marked the beginning of the end for the Axis forces as the Allied forces assaulted Normandy during the D-day invasion and began pushing the Germans back towards Germany. In 1945, the war in the European theatre ended as the Soviets captured Berlin and the Allied powers met in order to discuss the fate of postwar Europe at the Yalta Conference. Simultaneously, war in the Pacific theatre ended following the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Strayer, Ways of the World, p. 636-650). Based on this brief summary of World War II, the place for a particular type of colonialism becomes apparent due to a desire for power through conquest. Attributable to the separation of power that resulted following World War I, dissatisfied states attempted to equalize themselves.

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