The Causes Of Lung And Bronchus Cancer

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From 2011 to 2013, approximately 39.0 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with cancer of any site at some point during their life. Death rates are higher for those who are middle age or older. The Hospital has a cancer center that specializes in care of these patients, doctors, nurses, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants all work together on this floor to achieve the best outcome of the patient. No two patients are alike, so treatment and the responses to treatment can vary between person to person. The most common cancer in females is Breast Cancer, with an average of 246,660 cases in 2016 and 40,450 deaths. However, Lung and Bronchus Cancer affects 224,390 people a year and has reports of 158,080 deaths in 2016. (Surveillance, …show more content…
It is a fast acting cancer, and 11 to 15 percent of those diagnosed will live beyond five years. The most common cause of this disease is smoking. Even second-hand smoke can increase a person’s likelihood to get this cancer. In a study, it showed that those who live or work around someone who smokes have 20 to 30 percent more of a chance of developing this cancer. Another common cause is a radioactive gas (radon) that can be found in homes and workplaces. There are also three main types of lung cancer, with non-small cell lung cancer being the most common, affecting 85% of those with this cancer. Lung carcinoid tumors (small-celled cancer) are a rarer form of the cancer and do not spread to other parts of the body. The most deadly form of this cancer is Mesothelioma, which usually occurs in the tissue that is surrounding the lungs. Those who have been exposed to asbestos (can be found in insulation, brakes, flooring) tend to develop mesothelioma cancer more than those who are not exposed to asbestos. (Lung Cancer: Signs, Symptoms, Types & Treatment. n.d). With this types, there are different signs and symptoms and treatment options associated with lung …show more content…
The treatments vary on the age of patient and the progression of the cancer, the patients have the option of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation or medication. (Stöppler, M. M. n.d. Lung Cancer Symptoms, Treatment, Causes - What is lung cancer?)
One of the patients was diagnosed with lung cancer a few years ago. She was eighty-seven years old. Her diagnosis was squamous cell carcinoma (non-small cell lung cancer). She was in the cancer center getting her treatment of chemotherapy. She seemed very happy and optimistic about her treatment plan and had her daughter in the room with her while she was getting her treatment. The preceptor was only in this room for the last ten minutes of my observing, so there is limited information about her.
The first patient that was observed was diagnosed with crohn 's, and was in on Tuesdays and Fridays to get her treatment. Crohn’s patients often lack magnesium, so her treatment was getting her magnesium levels back to normal. She was also very talkative and asked various questions about the program I was involved in. She was also very positive and seemed to be responding well to her

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