The Burial Of A Burial Essay

810 Words Apr 4th, 2016 4 Pages
BURIAL MOUNDS
When studying burial practices in the region, researchers found that Illyrians tend to be synonymous with large earthen mounds known as a tumulus, whereas the Greeks used flat graves (Galaty, 2002 Hammond, 1992, Harding, 1992; McIlvaine, 2012; Snodgrass, 2006; Stallo, 2007; Wilkes, 1992). Starting during the Bronze Age, Illyrians would first place their dead in the center of large earthen mounds (Ceka, 2005:3; Galaty, 2002:120; Hammond, 1992:33, Harding, 1992:18; McIlvaine, 2012:36; Stallo, 2007:9; Wilkes, 1992:105). Even after Roman rule of the area, some Illyrians still practiced this type of burial internment (Casson, 1926:300; Stallo, 2007:11; Wilkes, 1992:241). It is believed that many of these tumuli memorials were visited and added to for several generations by Illyrian transhumant pastoralists (Hammond, 1992:34; Stallo, 2007:10).
A tumulus was started by placing a warrior chieftain in the center with his armour. Then layers of dirt would be placed on top until an earthen mound was created. Over time additional graves would be added to the mound (Galaty, 2002:120; Hammond, 1992:33; Stallo, 2007:10; Wilkes, 1992:127). These additions were sometimes the result of creating shafts into the tumulus, in order for additional body to be placed inside and then filled back in (Stallo, 2007:10). Unfortunately, this way of inserting other members in the tumulus makes dating the occupants stratigraphically impossible. Therefore, our understanding of when…

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