The Birth Rate Of India Essay

790 Words Nov 23rd, 2016 4 Pages
From the beginnings of India’s history, the demographics of the population have varied over the country’s diverse 29 states. The Indian subcontinent covers 3.28 million kilometers with the range of geography including the Deccan Plateau, an upland plain in the south, flat to rolling plains along the Ganges river, the Thar desert in the west, and the Himalayas in the north. India is the world’s second most populated country with 1.3 billion people and the population is growing rapidly, which is the cause of many of the country’s health issues. Overall, the total fertility rate is 2.45 children born per woman but this birth rate has been declining in recent decades due to the government’s advocacy for family planning. Infant and maternal mortality rates have also both decreased. Thus, life expectancy at birth has increased considerably – as of 2015, life expectancy is 70 and 67 years for females and males, respectively (WHO 2016). As of 2000, the crude death rate has been declining (Kapilashrami 2000). A low crude death rate and a high birth rate simultaneously produce a population growing at an alarmingly high rate.
The country has made many advancements in population health, such as falling birth rates, falling over-all death rates, increased life expectancies at birth, and control over many infectious diseases. For these reasons, India is categorized in stage-three/late expanding demographic transition (Population Connection 2016). This demographic transition causes the…

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