Genetically Modified Organism

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Introduction and Social Relevance
Our economy is ever-growing and evolving, this can be problematic for the agricultural crops that will have difficulty providing the world as the demand for food increases. Genetic modification is the use of biotechnology techniques to change the genes of an organism (AGRIC, 2015)
In Australia unless the Australian Gene Technology Regulator has concluded the Genetically Modified Organism, abbreviated as GMO is safe to human health as well as the environment it is not allowed to be handled. Other countries have similar regulators for GMO. 
Genetically engineering agricultural crops should be implemented as quickly as possible as it comes with various benefits for example it would result in lower prices and higher
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Gene therapy, by definition, is the introduction of normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones in order to correct genetic disorders. (Oxford)
A gene mutation is a permanent alteration in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene. (GHR) 
Mutations can range in their sizing and can affect anywhere from a single DNA building block to a large segment of a chromosome that include more than one gene. There are two different types of gene therapy; the one that is applied depends on the types of cells that are being treated. The two types of gene therapy are somatic gene therapy and germ line gene therapy. 
Gene therapy using germ line cells results in permanent changes that are passed down to subsequent generations. (GeneTherapy) This means potentially, organisms engineered by germ line therapy could pass down their changes to subsequent generations if they inherit the target gene. 
Somatic therapy isn’t reproductive meaning they are confined to the recipient unlike germ line therapy; the genes are introduced into a sematic cell. (MajorDifferences) 
Somatic gene therapy however can be split into two different categories known as; ex vivo and in vivo. 
Ex vivo means exterior, where the cells are modified outside the body and then transplanted back in again, whilst in vivo means interior, where genes are changed whilst the cells are still inside the

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