The Benefits Of Bioremediation And Chemical Remediation On Oil Spill Clean Up Process

1687 Words Oct 1st, 2015 7 Pages
An oil spill is when liquid petroleum hydrocarbon is released into the environment. Oil spills have detrimental effects on the environment and the economy. Oil spills can potentially cost billions of dollars. There are multiple ways in which oil spills can be cleaned in a safe and cost efficient way. One way is bioremediation, which is the use of microorganisms to break down pollutants. Another effective way is chemical remediation, which is the use of chemicals to extract pollutants from an environment. In this paper, I will discuss the beneficial attributes of bioremediation and chemical remediation in the oil spill clean up process. Oil is one of the major pollutants in the environment, especially for ocean pollution. Barges, tankers, drilling rigs, refineries, and pipelines may burst or crash releasing high amounts of oil into the ocean. The most common and toxic oil is crude oil. This unrefined petroleum can destroy marine and shore life. The oil can suffocate small fish and vertebrates by obstructing their gills and air passages (response.restoration.noaa.gov, 2015). Oil can also adhere to fur and feathers leaving birds and mammals stranded in the middle of the oil-contaminated waters (response.restoration.noaa.gov, 2015). “Wildlife mortality is directly proportional to area swept, probability of mortality, and species abundance per unit area” (McCay, Rowe, Whittier, Sankaranarayanan, Schmidt Etkin, 2004, p. 3). It is critical that the remediation process begins…

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