Tda 2.1 Child and Young Person Development Essay

7611 Words Jan 18th, 2013 31 Pages
TDA 2.1 Child and young person development

Learning outcome 1.1
Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include:

· Physical development
· Communication and intellectual development
· Social, emotional and behavioural development

Birth to 3 years

The expected pattern starts at 0-3 years where a child is expected to develop the most. They have little control over their bodies at 0-1 years and are dependent on their natural instincts eg: sucking, grasping.


New Born babies use their senses from the moment they are born, they can already recognise their mothers voice and smell and they have natural reflexes for example the Walking and standing reflex which
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Babies are learning to recognize familiar faces and will display smiles of delight when they are playing with their primary carers.
They will lift their arms up to show a parent that they want to be picked up.
They enjoy playing with others and may cry when playing stops
Become more expressive and communicates more with face and body
Babies will be drawn to their image in mirrors
Learn how to comfort themselves

Nine Months

Babies’ physical development is now very noticeable. Many babies will be crawling or finding ways of being mobile. They are also able to sit up without any support. These movements mean that babies can explore more and also spend a little time sitting and playing.

When they are mobile they can move quite fast, so this is a period in which adults really need to think about safety. As well as large movements, babies are also picking up objects and handling them, and becoming more skilled at touching things.
Things still get popped into the mouth, so, again, adults need to be aware of what is around.

Babies’ language is also coming along. Babbling has become more tuneful and longer strings of sound are put together. Babies are also learning what some key words mean. They may start to get excited when they hear words such as drink or dinner. Babies are also

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