Taiping Rebellion Case Study

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Question 1:
Many sultans initiated military reforms in the Ottoman Empire through military from the 18th century to the 20th century. As a result, some of them forced to leave the throne or were assassinated. Mahmud II learned from the mistakes of his predecessor, Selim II. For example, he developed an elite army to defeat the Janissary forces that have once been the dominant force in the Ottoman Empire. After getting rid of the Janissaries, Mahmud II began creating diplomatic divisions within the empire to Western forces. Europeans officers played a major role in the military through the supervision of the soldiers. These reforms, which were vital to the well-being of the Ottoman Empire, were also known as the Tanzimat reforms. These actions caused the foundation of Western education, legal reforms, and technological advances in the Islamic heartland. However, there were some Western radicals whom believed in the complete transformation of the state. A
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There were many examples in Chinese history. Many of these movements and rebellions were geared to overthrowing the current government, the Qing dynasty. During the 1850s to 1860s, the Taiping Rebellion was formed by a prophet who sought to destroy the government as well as Confucian values and beliefs. In 1853, Taiping forces were able to capture large amounts of territory and created their own capital, Nanjing. The Taiping rebellion offered social reform, civil rights for women, and anti-Confucian propaganda. In the late 19th century, many citizens from China began expelling and executing Western foreigners through the Boxer Rebellion. Imperial powers were able to stop the Boxer uprisings in 1901. However, there was the Self-Strengthening Movement that was responsible for countering the West’s challenge. The movement allowed Western countries invest in railroads and factories as well as modernizing the provincial leader’s

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