Structural Realism In International Relations

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Realism has long been used as an approach to international relations. Whether it be classical or structural realism they both share similar origins. Both of these approaches to realisms are based on the idea that states are the main actors in an anarchic international system and these states want to maximize their power in order to survive. Observing the realism seen the Israel-Palestine conflict is important because it allows one to get another perspective of the issue. Not only does it allows one to gain a new perspective of the conflict but as Hans Morgenthau preached in his works, the idea that states define their goals in terms of power and this simple fact allows people to contextualize events and then predict future actions of state. …show more content…
To start off the idea of a unified state would be a risky choice due to the long history of violence and hate between the two groups. This then leaves the option of a two state solution which is the most promising one despite the previous failed attempts to achieve this. It is in the interest of the United States to achieve a two state solution for two reasons. First, Israel is the United States strongest ally in the Middle East and a significant amount of influence would be lost there if no peaceful solution was reached there. How would it look to the international community and other states in the region if the United States could not even convince a strong ally to engage in peace negotiations. Secondly, Israel’s actions towards palestine contradict the democratic and humanitarian ideals the United States stands for. In his farewell address George Washington said, “Washington called for just and fair conduct in U.S. diplomacy with other nations, but also warned that the republic should avoid long-term animosity and or friendship with other countries, and to take care to avoid foreign influences in our politics.” (internal citation). Israel ignorance to the United States’s warnings undermines major key aspects to the United States’s foreign policy, which are built around humanitarian and spreading democracy. This could potentially cause the United States to lose some of its global power. In a realist perspective this is one of the worst thing that can happen to a state because a loss of power mean a loss of national security. Therefore the United States needs to take a firm stance with Israel by telling them to reengage in peace negotiations with Palestine to restore the hope for a two state

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