Strengths And Weaknesses Of Two Cognitive Perspectives

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Throughout this essay two psychological perspectives are going to be highlighted. These are, behavioural and cognitive.
The behavioural perspective is also known as the behaviourist; this outlines how behaviour is affected by the environment around us. Behaviourists believe that all behaviour depends on a response to a stimulus; the stimulus is the event that takes place and the response is how we behave after this. As well as this behaviour is based on positive and negative influences. "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I 'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even
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Just like the behaviourist approach this was also carried out in labs and many experiments were carried out to show how this works. Carrying work out in the lab can be a benefit as many factors such as controlled conditions, ability to measure objectively and replication can be followed. (Walker, J 2012). A weakness of the cognitive approach is that it compares the human to a computer, and ignores the complication of the human process of thinking. As well as this another weakness is that the experiments carried out do not compare to real life behaviour as they are again carried out in labs. The environment in a lab is different to real life and factors in the lab can be changed. Factors such as genetics are not taken into account when analysing this approach, therefore it is ‘unrealistic and over hypothetical.’ …show more content…
As the cognitive approach compares the brain to a computer this can be linked in to how Kohleberg applied his theory to crime. Kohleberg had 6 stages to his theory he believed that people who are criminals tend to stay at stage 1 and 2, whereas non- criminals are at higher stages. The cognitive approach comes into use with crime as individuals are attempted to change the way their thoughts are, this can be through moral reasoning, anger management or self-control. Individuals that have had help with change in how they react I anger has had a success. (Children and youth services.

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