Stimulatory Case Studies

Great Essays
Running about ten miles daily and regular weight lifting is my everyday routine in order to maintain the body that I want…in other words, I love food so I have to work out to be able to continue to fit into my clothes. I always envied my dear friend, Jenny (I envied her in a good way) because she never exercises and cares less about what she eats. One would think that these reasons are grounds for obesity, but not in the case of Jenny. Her body is as beautiful as Jennifer Lopez’s body…even better. She never imagined the cause of her ability to maintain such a low mass body index would be due to having a disorder until she began to see a massive lump on the lower part of her neck. When she went to the doctor, she was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism …show more content…
First, the hypothalamus within the brain is what sets the thyroid gland into motion by a cascade called the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis (HPT axis). Neurons of the hypothalamus receive stimulatory and inhibitory synaptic input from virtually all areas of the central nervous system. When the hypothalamus senses a change in homeostasis, a hypothalmic neuron synthesizes and releases the tropic hormone called thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH). TRH travels down the axon of the neuron and into the axon terminal where TRH is released. Following the release, TRH travels through the hypothalamohypophyseal portal vessels into the anterior pituitary gland where TRH binds to receptors on the endocrine cells. Once bound, stimulation of the endocrine cells causes a synthesis and release of another hormone called thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) into the blood stream. TSH targets the cells from the thyroid gland and binds to receptors that promote the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormone (TH/ T3 and T4). TH travels into the blood where it is released in all parts of tissues, affecting almost every cell in the body. Thyroid hormone is lipid soluble, allowing it to cross the membrane of a target cell. TH binds inside the nucleus where it increases, decreases or maintains the cells

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    boost and sugar can provide sweetness: however, the amounts in energy drinks are way too high, with the side-effects of this outweighing the potential benefits. The added chemicals within these energy drinks provide negligible benefit at best in the case of B vitamins or addiction and weight gain at worst. The monster consequences outweigh the…

    • 1045 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Shrimp Family Case Study

    • 596 Words
    • 3 Pages

    In the case of the Shrimp family there are different levels of issues that need to be considered prior to start working with Marci and Gary and the issue presented in the case. The first issue is the environment the family is living. The case study indicates “The family lives in a suburban area where resources are generally available” Suburban areas or the suburbs are communities located outside the city. I assumed they are residing in a suburban area because the prices of the rent are cheaper and…

    • 596 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is an therapeutic technique by which small electrical impulses are applied to a paralyzed or spastic muscle in order to induce contraction and thereby improve its function. Traditionally, NMES refers to those stimulatory protocols directed at increasing strength and FES with function. FES can stimulate muscle contraction for exercise, bladder management, grasping, standing, and walking, among other functions. For example, in spinal cord injury patients, electrodes…

    • 1481 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays