State And Federal Responsibilities Of Education Essay

786 Words Feb 15th, 2015 4 Pages
State and Federal Responsibilities in Education
The Concept of Federalism means that both state and federal governments have different areas of responsibility that they are required to attend to. Traditionally, education has been a local and state issue. Throughout the 20th and early part of the 21st century, the federal government began taking on more responsibility in areas that had previously only been of state or local concern. One such area where there has recently been more federal oversight and regulation is in education policy. For instance, in recent years programs like No Child Left Behind and Race to the top have nationalized standards for children. According to the textbook, Dual Federalism prevailed in the United States from 1789 to 1937, in which most fundamental governmental powers were shared between the federal and state governments (textbook, pg 82). The ultimate question is should State and local governments control education policy or should the federal government look forward to creating a nationalized policy?
According to the U.S. Department of Education, “It is States and communities, as well as public and private organizations of all kinds, that establish schools and colleges, develop curricula, and determine requirements for enrollment and graduation” ("Federal Role in Education"). In my opinion, I think state and local governments should control education for multiple reasons. It would limit the power of the federal government, while also…

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