Southern Race Relations During The New Deal

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I would characterize the changes in Southern race relations that took place over the course of the first half of the twentieth century as a massive struggle for changes in African American lives. There were significant differences between the earlier Jim Crow years, approximately from 1890 to 1932, and the period from 1933 to 1954 include; the implementation of segregation, attainment of African American women’s rights, reduction of racial discrimination, white supremacy, and the eradication of civil and political. In addition, African Americans were deprived of education, employment, and economic opportunities. In late nineteenth century America, white supremacy was created in the south when “mammy [caricature] became the canvas upon which …show more content…
The New Deal not only provided opportunities for African Americans, likewise, it provided a meaningful change. According to Kirby, “because the New Deal was ‘broad-based and humanitarian, it recognized the disadvantaged Negro minority as an integral part of the American people” (Kirby 1980). Although the New Deal recorded a few gains in civil rights, African Americans still turned to Roosevelt, because the New Deal gave them a measure of relief from the Depression and had done little to repay their earlier support. During the Roosevelt Era, African Americans felt that they could communicate their resentments to the government with the expectancy of sympathetic understanding. It was during the New Deal Era, that the silence of racism between African Americans and Caucasian was fully exposed not only as a national issue, but as a problem that needed to be recognized. As a result, during the period from 1933 to 1954 “in the South, Jim Crow lost out to the civil rights movement” (Gilmore 2008, 160). In contrast to the earlier Jim Crow years, southern African Americans had lived under a legal system of racial segregation and persecution for at least three decades before Hitler came to power” (Gilmore 2008, 160). The New Deal Era was “the greatest race of all between African Americans and Caucasians” (Burns

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